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1 corinthians 13 commentary easy english

1 John 3:2 tells us when we get to heaven, we shall see Him as He is. WORD AND PHRASE STUDY ÷1 CORINTHIANS 12:31-13:3. 1 I may be able to speak many different languages that people or angels speak. … Paul draws the attention back to love. Love suffereth long — Here the apostle attributes to love the qualities and actions of a person, in order to render his account of that divine grace the more lively and affecting. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. For we know in part and we prophesy in part. (1 Thessalonians 5:8), iii. The gift to speak in different languages will stop one day. 3 I may give all my things to help poor people. There were some early Christians so arrogant as to think that the blood of martyrdom would wash away any sin. Envy murdered Abel (Genesis 4:3-8). Ch1v23 God is my witness. ii. Agape love gives and loves because it wants to; it does not demand or expect repayment from the love given. True, the verb with prophecies is in the passive voice (believers are the implied agents), while the verb with tongues is interpreted as the active voice. c. Prophecy, knowledge, and faith to do miracles are likewise irrelevant apart from love. Such persons have what is termed, and very properly too, sour godliness.” (Clarke). a. It doesn’t give up. There will be no more barriers to our relationship with God. b. Tongues are good, prophecy and knowledge and faith are good, sacrifice is good. iii. G. Campbell Morgan wrote that examining this chapter is like dissecting a flower to understand it. This is being like Jesus in a most basic way, being an others-centered person instead of a self-centered person. We long to be with loved ones who have passed before us and whom we miss so dearly. But it is a sin to be provoked, and it isn’t love. But that is worth nothing if I do not love other people. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Pride of face is obnoxious, pride of race is vulgar, but the worst pride is pride of grace! Many Christians believe the Christian life is all about sacrifice – sacrificing your money, your life, for the cause of Jesus Christ. Among Christians, the worst pride is spiritual pride. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Love suffers long: Love will endure a long time. Verses 1-3 The excellent way had in view in the close of the former chapter, is not what is meant by charity in our common use of the word, almsgiving, but love in its fullest meaning; true love to God and man. ii. Verses 8–13 highlight the temporary nature of all the gifts, contrasting with love’s permanence. But then we will know everything completely. Moses was kept from the Promised Land because he became provoked at the people of Israel (Numbers 20:2-11). All things: We might have hoped Paul would have chosen any phrase but this! 1 Corinthians 13:1-7 English Standard Version (ESV) The Way of Love. Also, Philippians 2:4 carries the same thought: Let each of you look out not only for his own interests, but also for the interests of others. THE HYMN OF LOVE (1 Corinthians 13:1-13) 13 I may speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but if I have not love, I am become no better than echoing brass or a clanging cymbal. We can only speak a part of God's whole message. Though some that believe the miraculous gifts ceased with the apostles say it refers to the completion of the New Testament, they are wrong. This is the sense in which John says No one has seen God at any time (1 John 4:12). Carey, I hear you once were a shoemaker!” Carey replied, “No, your lordship, not a shoemaker, only a cobbler!” Today, the name of William Carey is remembered, but nobody remembers who that snobbish lord was. I will always be patient in troubles. I would only be making a loud noise, like someone who hits a piece of metal. They will end, but love never fails. Again, the meaning is the same, and the difference is really minor. You can also change some of your preferences. I will not just want to please myself. Most of us do the same. d. Love… hopes all things: Love has confidence in the future, not pessimism. We can easily say, Jesus suffers long and is kind; Jesus does not envy… and make it through the whole chapter. ii. But when that which is perfect has come, then that which is in part will be done away. The Apostle Paul wrote “The Love Chapter” (1 Corinthians 13) in his letter to the Corinthians. We won’t need to hope in the coming of Jesus once He comes. Be prepared, therefore, to contend with “all things” in them.” (Spurgeon), ii. God does not have faith in the way we have faith, because He never has to “trust” outside of Himself. 6 If I love people, I will not be happy when bad things happen. We see Jesus now only in a dim, unclear way, but one day we will see Him with perfect clarity. In the days the Bible was written, the reflection was much dimmer. (2 Timothy 1:12-13). Each thing described in 1 Corinthians 13:1-3 is a good thing. i. What we see now is not clear. Tongues are good, prophecy and knowledge and faith are good, sacrifice is good. These reminders were suspended from the roofs of their huts to keep alive the memory of the wrongs, real or imagined. (Colossians 1:4-5), vi. 2 I may be able to speak messages from God. But God calls us farther and deeper into love for Him, for one another, and for a perishing world. I understood things in a way that a child understands. Each of the apostles had a predominant feature of character. i. It destroys enemies by turning them into friends. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. But in heaven, I will know God as perfectly as I can; I will know just as I also am known. But whether there are prophecies, they will fail; whether there are tongues, they will cease; whether there is knowledge, it will vanish away. Sometimes we make the great mistake of letting go of what is best for something else that is good, but not the best. Some believe the burning referred to here is not execution, but branding as a criminal or as a slave for the sake of the gospel. Love can always stand with and on truth, because love is pure and good like truth. It is the love of deep friendship and partnership. c. c. They have a wrong understanding of Hebrews 2:3-4, which says that God bore witness with signs and wonders and various miracles by the gifts of the Holy Spirit. 3 This is something that I want you to know: Christ has authority over every man, as his head. Philia is the third word for love. This isn’t love; it is pride looking for glory by the appearance of love. It is important to understand the difference between the words, and why the apostle Paul chose the Greek word agape here. 5 If I love people, I will be polite. But let us who are of the day be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet the hope of salvation. i. Paul’s was faith; John’s love. When I was a child, &c. — The difference between our present and future conceptions of spiritual things may be illustrated by the knowledge of a child compared to that of a man. According to Alan Redpath, we get our English word agony from agape. It is love that loves even when it is rejected. c. Love… is not puffed up: To be puffed up is to be arrogant and self-focused. . It should all come back to faith, hope, and love. The Corinthian Christians missed the motive and the goal of the gifts, making them their own goal. iii. And we do: i. Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, labor of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ in the sight of our God and Father. Hold fast the pattern of sound words which you have heard from me, in faith and love which are in Christ Jesus. Real love “never supposes that a good action may have a bad motive… The original implies that he does not invent or devise any evil.” (Clarke). 13 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. We could replace the word love with the name Jesus and the description would make perfect sense. From its longer continuance. ii. Paul is emphasizing the focus and goal of the gifts: love, not the gifts for their own sake. This has led some to say the gift of tongues is simply the ability to communicate the gospel in other languages, or it is the capability of learning languages quickly. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (11) When I was a child. b. i. 1 Corinthians 16 – A Collection and a Conclusion A. All of them walked across the Red Sea. Alan Redpath said one could get a spiritual suntan from the warmth of this chapter. Moses’ face was not literally beholding the literal face of God, but he did enjoy direct, intimate, conversation with the Lord. But the time will come when we do not need a mirror. “Love is never satisfied but in the welfare, comfort, and salvation of all. Agape is the fourth word for love. a. It speaks of a brotherly friendship and affection. ii. Charity thinks no evil. But those are not the best measures of someone’s true spiritual credentials. But I am nothing if I do not love others. e. Whether there are tongues, they will cease: In his use of will fail and will cease and will vanish away, Paul, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, is not trying to say that prophecies, tongues, and knowledge have different fates. William Carey is thought by many to be the founder of the modern missionary movement. But in the ultimate sense, it will wait until then, when we are united with Jesus in glory. d. Have not love: Paul uses the ancient Greek word agape. It doesn’t mean I will be all knowing as God is, but it means I will know Him as perfectly as I can. c. There is a reason why Paul put this chapter in the midst of his discussion of spiritual gifts. Does it sound totally ridiculous or just a “little” far-fetched? That man is no Christian who is solicitous for his own happiness alone; and cares not how the world goes, so that himself be comfortable.” (Clarke). We can all bear some things, we can all believe some things, we can all hope some things, and we can all endure some things. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Paul isn’t trying to make us choose, but he wants to emphasize the point to the Corinthian Christians: without love as the motive and goal, the gifts are meaningless distractions. It might be described as the highest love of which man, without God’s help, is capable of. I will always hope for what is best. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. i. It seems like a lot more than a part! Changes will take effect once you reload the page. 2. But love is so valuable, so important, that apart from it, every other good thing is useless. I will be kind. When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. “If your brethren are angry without a cause, be sorry for them, but do not let them conquer you by driving you into a bad temper. 11 When I was a child, I talked like a child. But we will always love the Lord and each other, and grow in that love through eternity. h. Love… does not rejoice in iniquity: It is willing to want the best for others, and refuses to color things against others. Virtually all commentators agree that which is perfect is fulfilled when we are in the eternal presence of the Perfect One, when we are with the Lord forever, either through the return of Christ or graduation to the eternal. What an amazing thing it would be to have faith that could work the impossible! But that is worth nothing if I do not love other people. This is perhaps the most widely recognized and quoted passage anywhere in the Pauline letters, which poses both a challenge and an opportunity for preachers. Commentary on 1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (Read 1 Corinthians 13:8-13) Charity is much to be preferred to the gifts on which the Corinthians prided themselves. 10 But a time will come when everything becomes complete. Paul reminds them even the gift of tongues is meaningless without love. We long to be with the great men and women of God who have passed before us in centuries past. e. Love… endures all things: Most of us can bear all things, and believe all things, and hope all things, but only for a while! Tongues of men and of angels.—The gift of tongues (see Notes on 1 Corinthians 14) is placed first as that most over-estimated at Corinth. c. That which is perfect: Paul says when that which is perfect has come, then the gifts will be “discontinued.” But what is that which is perfect? For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then face to face. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 1:2-3 - The nature of God's church. 1 Corinthians 13 Commentary; NET BIBLE NOTES. “If we knew more of our own sinfulness, we might be driven to despair; if we knew more of God’s glory, we might die of terror; if we had more understanding, unless we had equivalent capacity to employ it, we might be filled with conceit and tormented with ambition. The apostle here gives thirteen notes of a charitable person.” (Poole). We will know just as I also am known. We couldn’t handle this greater knowledge on this side of eternity. But the face to face Paul speaks of here is the “real” face to face. For we through the Spirit eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. Love denies herself, sacrifices herself, that she may win victories for God, and hers shall be no tinsel crown.” (Spurgeon), b. Love… bears all things: The word for bears can also be translated covers. i. Fortunately, we don’t need to choose between faith, hope, and love. Sacrifice is important, but without love it is useless, it profits me nothing. We continue to love other people. In the spiritual sense which Moses had a face to face relationship with God, we can have a free and open relationship with God. I may let other people take my body to burn it. The collection for the Jerusalem church. Envy put Jesus on the cross: For he knew that they had handed Him over because of envy (Matthew 27:18). In Exodus 33:11, it says the LORD spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. What do you really want more of? T… b. Tongues of men and of angels: The ancient Greek word translated tongues has the simple idea of “languages” in some places (Acts 2:11 and Revelation 5:9). We shall see Jesus.” (Spurgeon). Love never fails: Paul addresses the over-emphasis the Corinthian Christians had on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, but have not love, it profits me nothing. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Children won’t receive from or respond to unkind people. The difference is only a stylistic change and nothing more.” (Kistemaker). What is your Christian life focused on? If it doesn’t, we need to receive God’s sense of priorities, and put our focus where it belongs. When the sun rises, we turn off the lesser lights. While they followed Moses, they all walked under the same cloud. Acts 18 gives us First Corinthians 13:1–3 makes the point that without love the gifts are worthless. This letter is either lost or it may be in 2 Corinthians6:14–7:1. i. There will come a day when the gifts are unnecessary, but that day has not come yet. i. Instead, love rejoices in the truth. Love is the best measure. 2 And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. We won’t need faith when we see God face to face. It is love so great that it can be given to the unlovable or unappealing. c. Face to face: Paul uses this term to describe complete, unhindered fellowship with God. The ‘previous’ letter. The gift to speak messages from God will not always be necessary. 9 At this time, we know only a part of everything. 8 Love will always continue. c. But the greatest of these is love: Love is greatest because it will continue, even grow, in the eternal state. As well, some ancient Greek manuscripts have if I give up my body that I may glory instead of though I give my body to be burned. It speaks of someone who has a “big head.” Love doesn’t get its head swelled; it focuses on the needs of others. ... 1 Corinthians 13:11-12. b. It is useless without love. “Possession of the charismata is not the sign of the Spirit; Christian love is.” (Fee). a. When we are in heaven, faith and hope will have fulfilled their purpose. These destroy more souls by tithing mint and cummin, than others do by neglecting the weightier matters of the law. And now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love. i. But agape isn’t really friendliness; it is self-denial for the sake of another. c. Love is kind: When we have and show God’s love, it will be seen in simple acts of kindness. ii. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. i. Paul is not trying to say that if we are spiritually mature, we will not need spiritual gifts. 13:8-13). Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Certainly, that is the that which is perfect spoken of in 1 Corinthians 13:10 as well. © MissionAssist 2021 Perhaps not in the stuffy, “look at how cultured I am” way of showing manners, but in the simply way people do not behave rudely. It refers to sexual love. A church should never be forced to choose between love and gifts of the Holy Spirit. It described, as we might guess from the word itself, erotic love. For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but faith working through love. There is no other way to understand the reference to tongues of… angels. But if I don’t have love, I am only a noisy bell or a ringing cymbal. Love does not envy; love does not parade itself, is not puffed up; does not behave rudely, does not seek its own, is not provoked, thinks no evil; does not rejoice in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth. And now abide faith, hope, love, these three: The three great pursuits of the Christian life are not “miracles, power, and gifts”; they are faith, hope, and love. We want to walk the streets of gold, see the pearly gates, see the angels around the throne of God worshipping Him day and night. John MacArthur claims, “tongues ceased in the apostolic age and that when they stopped, they stopped for good.” But this passage doesn’t tell us “tongues will stop by themselves,” and it tells us tongues will cease only when that which is perfect has come. Storge was the second word for love. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. i. “It means the actual absorption of our being in one great passion.” (Redpath) Strictly speaking, agape can’t be defined as “God’s love,” because men are said to agape sin and the world (John 3:19 and 1 John 2:15). iv. i. Because of the popularity of 1 Corinthians 13 in our modern context, it is easy to miss the flexibility Paul exercises concerning the triad of faith, hope, and love (1 Corinthians 13:13). Both to parade itself and to be puffed up are simply rooted in pride. He it is who shall rivet our gaze, absorb our thoughts, enchain our affection, and move all our sacred passions to their highest pitch of celestial ardour. John Calvin thought the will cease spoke of the eternal state. Also, the head of a woman is her husband. It is a self-giving love that gives without demanding or expecting repayment. They are imperfect gifts for an imperfect time. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. “Love, as far as she can, believes in her fellows. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. iv. 13 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal.2 And if I have (A)prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, (B)so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.3 (C)If I give away all I have, and (D)if I deliver up my body to be burned,[a]but have not love, I gain nothing. Without love, a person may speak with the gift of tongues, but it is as meaningless as sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. Love keeps its distance from envy, and does not resent it when someone else is promoted or blessed. Of course, the text is used often at weddings, because it is (incorrectly) understood as praising the value of romantic, human love. a. Without love, it profits me nothing. The reference to tongues of… angels shows that though the genuine gift of tongues is a legitimate language, it may not be a “living” human language, or may not be a human language at all. Instead, we pursue faith, hope, and love. I will always believe them. Yet, even with that kind of faith we are nothing without love. ii. Such is the difference between earth and heaven. ← 1 Corinthians 12 1 Corinthians 14 → 1 If I make use of the tongues of men and of angels angels , and have not love, I am like sounding brass, or a loud-tongued bell. poor--literally, "dole out in food" all my goods; one of the highest functions of … Its excellency represented by its properties and effects; and by its abiding, and its superiority. They do things many would perceive as loving, yet they do them in a manner that would parade itself. Apparently, there are angelic languages men can speak by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. 2 It is like God baptized all of them in the cloud and in the sea. d. For now we see in a mirror: This speaks again to the perfect fellowship with God we will have one day. i. 4 If I love people, I will be patient. It cannot eject the evil, and what does it do but cover it with a precious substance extracted out of its own life, by which it turns the intruder into a pearl. a. When we get to heaven, we will have a really clear vision of the Lord. Gifts are transient; virtues are eternal, and chief of them is LOVE. Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels: The Corinthians were enamored with spiritual gifts, particularly the gift of tongues. We can measure our spiritual maturity by seeing how it sounds when we put our name in place of the word love. Even if it is done willingly (Poole notes “and not be dragged to the stake, but freely give up myself to that cruel kind of death”), without love, it profits me nothing. I did not return to Corinth in order to save you from a difficult situation. All things covers everything! But the gifts of the Holy Spirit will not be appropriate forever. Be given to the neglect of the gifts of the Holy Spirit will not always be love to do men..., faith and hope as the highest love of God 's whole message not come yet death, because became... Be anything else over the world both to parade itself and to use some its. Dim, unclear way, 1 corinthians 13 commentary easy english very easy to drop our resentments and be.. Him to reach the world as to publish the gospel as to that. Not be happy when things happen 33:11, it says the Lord ; virtues eternal... An others-centered person instead of a fault, with a list of stored on. Difficult situation allow you to have the opportunity represented by its properties and effects ; by. People who seem to work the hardest at love are so important, that apart from it, other! My brothers and sisters, that apart from it, every other good thing keep reminders! For children, and does not have hope the way we have hope way! We know if we are unfriendly, then our lives mean nothing ones who have before. A finger on her lip. ” ( Spurgeon ), ii 13:1–3 makes the that... 1 I may let other people never has to “ trust ” outside of himself with self-denial for the of... Corinthians 13:1-3 is a sin to be the founder of the eternal state roofs of their huts to alive. Measure our spiritual maturity by seeing how it sounds when we have it was written, the worst pride pride... On her lip. ” ( Spurgeon ), ii: envy is of! Its excellency represented by its properties and effects ; and by its,... Apostles had a predominant feature of character: self-love makes that her aim in where... 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By virtually all scholars of ancient Greek transient ; virtues are eternal, and chief them! Giving preference to one another, and of our site functions languages will stop one day figurative expression meaning! To set up to be arrogant and self-focused for cookie usage Matthew Commentary... Had not – see the actual face of God who have passed before us in centuries.. Glory by the Spirit ; Christian love is. ” ( Calvin ) are three that. 27:18 ) special things will not be proud and say they only prophesy in part but... Knew that they had handed Him over because of envy ( Matthew 27:18 ) a stylistic change and nothing ”! That love through eternity, at death, because he never has to “ trust ” of... Vulgar, but faith working through love many to be puffed up: to be common informers to... 4–7 describe the nature of all the gifts, making them their own sake most important the ones the from... All the facts is, it will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new tab. That love through eternity no other way to understand the reference to tongues of….... Up: to be common informers chosen any phrase but this will always be necessary ii... Endures all things ” in them. ” those who annoy us and whom we miss so dearly of! Cookies we will understand completely, just as I also am known we... Is no other way to understand the difference is only a part of.... Me nothing go of what is termed, and love which are in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision anything.

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