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Январь 2021

milkweed fiber properties

Figure 7 illustrates changes of the Milkweeds surface caused after the fiber treatment in order to compare the observations with the un-treated fibers’ surface. Ratio of the fiber length to the fiber width is known as the aspect ratio which indicates the fiber flexibility. 100% milkweed fibers. Extraction method of Milkweed fibers: (a) plant-stem fibers and (b) seedpod fibers. Thus, a non-woven layer made of Milkweed fibers (either extracted from the seedpods or the plant's stem) could provide high moisture absorbency [16,26]. The plantis a native perennial in North America. Compared with cotton fibers, the fracture mode of Milkweeds due to their highly oriented molecular arrangement is generally limited only to the granular fracture mode and no ductile fracture could be observed during the tensile. are traditionally introduced as the main group of cellulosic fibers; the probability of running out the natural resources from which the commercially used fibers could be extracted as well as the growing concerns regarding the future availability of natural fibers and their production costs have made the researchers to find and develop some other new alternative natural resources [7]. Comparing the mechanical properties of Milkweed fibers with the conventionally used natural and synthetic fibers [9]. Whether the fibers are extracted from the plant’s stem or the seedpod, they would be different in their length. ,{i:'fig4-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.jpeg',size:'166 KB'}]} So, the high adaptability and the weed-like nature of the Milkweed plants made them to be cost-effectiveness and easy-cultivable. ,{i:'fig4-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.jpeg',size:'166 KB'}]} From Figure 5, it is obvious that the elliptical-shaped cross-section of the Milkweed fibers before tensile loading would be deformed into a rectangular shape with curved corners after loading. [27,48] used various blends of polypropylene and seedpod extracted Milkweed fibers for preparing sound absorptive lightly needled non-woven layers. They prepared sectional samples of the fiber bundles and observed both inner and outer diameters of 100 different fibers using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fiber Properties Fibers obtained from milkweed stems have deniers of about 100, coarser than cotton and linen fibers. As previously mentioned, most of the surface modification methods not only provide such suitable conditions for improving the cohesion of Milkweed fibers, but also might impart different damages to the fibers’ surface which in turn would lead to their strength reduction. First, MW floss was thoroughly characterized in terms of morphology, … Focusing on milkweed floss properties important in the down market, we found that floss is: a non-allergenic cellulose fiber; with a fill-power of about 350 cm 3 /g which is comparable to high quality goose down; white in color; 50% more breathable than down; 20% more durable than down; and 10% warmer per unit of weight than down. In order to overcome these problems, the binder spraying method was proposed. For spinning the yarns with higher portion of Milkweed fibers, Dréan et al. The floss, attached to brown seeds, can be used as stuffing for pillows, mattresses, and quilts or carried for tinder. It was claimed that the fracture behavior of Milkweed fibers belongs to a granular fracture mode in which the separated parts could be transversely linked together. Several researchers focused on finding different methods in order to minimize the mechanical damages applied during the spinning process of Milkweeds [38,41]. ]}. In Figure 6, some typical damages applied to the Milkweed fibers during the carding are depicted [38]. Properties Durability The alkali treatment of fibre results in a change of colour from off-white to brownish yellow. According to their findings, Milkweeds same as the cotton fibers are strongly affected by the sulfuric acid; this means that the Milkweed fibers could be completely solved in a strong acidic aquatic environment. According to their results, these fibers have high potential application to be used in technical textile products. They pointed out that the entrapment of air within the hollow channel of Milkweed fiber is responsible for higher sound absorbency in comparison with identical fibrous material composed of solid fibers [49]. Fiber characterization. The presence of hollow channel along the fiber length is responsible for their lightweight and good insulation properties. Moreover, because of the smooth surface and un-crimped nature of the Milkweeds, they experience numerous difficulties such as roller lapping, frequent sliver breakage, and web condensation during the spinning process. Healing plants of peninsular India. These indigenous wildly grown fibers belong to the Asclepiadaceae family with 280 genera and 2000 species [7]. ,{i:'table3-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table3.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table3.jpeg',size:'82 KB'}]} It had analyzed the properties of the extracted milkweed fiber. Some of the main and applicable physical characteristics of the Milkweed fibers are given as follows: Regardless of considering the fibers’ extraction source, physical characteristics of the Milkweeds are significantly different from the cotton fibers. Considering the sodium hydroxide treatment method, Bahl et al. ,{i:'table1-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.jpeg',size:'75 KB'}]} In the case of improving the Milkweed fibers spin-ability, Sakthivel et al. Different properties and usage possibilities of most of the well-known agricultural products and the natural wastes have been studied and analyzed by numerous researchers [4,5]. Among the variety of newly known natural resources, Milkweed is categorized as a versatile substitutive fiber with numerous unique properties which are mainly attributed to their hollowness structures. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. [35], who investigated thermal analysis of the Milkweed fibers, it was concluded that during the fibers pyrolysis decomposition process, different chemical constituents such as acetic acid, formic acid, and methanol in addition to carbon dioxide and water are formed without any apparent synergetic interaction. Natural Fibres, 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984. In order to increase the fibers cohesion and prevent fiber loss during the carding operation, a new method was introduced in this patent for performing the fibers’ surface treatment. 8.2 Cotton fiber nonwovens 287 8.3 Flax fiber nonwovens 289 8.4 Jute fiber nonwovens 292 8.5 Hemp fiber nonwovens 295 8.6 Kenaf fiber nonwovens 298 8.7 Milkweed fiber nonwovens 299 8.8 Pineapple fiber nonwovens 303 8.9 Abaca fiber nonwovens 304 8.10 Sisal fiber nonwovens 305 8.11 Wool fiber nonwovens 307 8.12 Kapok fiber nonwovens 307 Index 315 ,{i:'table1-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table1.jpeg',size:'75 KB'}]} The pod has to be harvested prior to it opening completely as the seed hair are blown away by the wind once the pod opens. This site uses cookies. ]}. ,{i:'table6-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table6.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table6.jpeg',size:'117 KB'}]} Today, milkweed’s many beneficial properties are becoming newly appreciated. Because of non-allergenic aspects of the Milkweed fibers, they also could be utilized in different medical segments. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Effect of stage of development on chemical yields in common milkweed, Composite reinforced with cellulose based fibers, Extraction and characterization of natural cellulose fibers from common milkweed stems, The potential of milkweed floss as a natural fiber in the textile industry, Evaluation of calotropis gigantean as a promising raw material for fiber-reinforced composite, Extraction, properties and spinability of mudar fibers, The environmental implications of the use of, The showy milkweed, asclepias speciosa: A potential new semi-arid land crop for energy and chemicals, Cotton/milkweed blends: A novel textile product, Evaluation of milkweed floss as an insulative fill material, Some physical properties of milkweed pods, Influence of milkweed fiber length on textile product performance, Physio-chemical properties of a non-conventional fiber: Aak (, Structure and properties of a natural cellulosic hollow fiber, Analysis and prediction of the noise reduction coefficient of lightly-needled estabragh/polypropylene nonwovens using simplex lattice design, Mechanical characterization and behavior in spinning processing of Milkweed fibers, Molecular properties of milkweed cellulose. The demand for renewable raw materials is steadily rising as the drive for a green economy and a sustainable future accelerates. The lateral view of the fractured Milkweed fiber as depicted in Figure 5 indicates the starting point of the fiber tensile fracture. But the fiber's thermoregulatory properties are what kept her coming back to it: milkweed floss is six times warmer than wool. Figs. It should be noticed that all of these investigations were applied on Milkweed seedpod fibers. During the fibers’ surface modification with binder, Bahl et al. ,{i:'table7-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.jpeg',size:'121 KB'}]} Fibers obtained from milkweed stems have about 75% cellulose, higher than the cellulose in milkweed floss but lower than that in cotton and linen. It is obtained from the seed’s milkweed plants (genus Asclepias). In this respect, using different kinds of ligno-cellulosic fibers which could be extracted from inexpensive and available natural resources is considered as beneficial raw materials instead of the petroleum-based products. INTRODUCTION The natural fiber reinforced polymer composites are becoming more popular nowadays because of the availability of wide variety of natural fibers in the nature [1]. ,{i:'table7-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.jpeg',size:'121 KB'}]} The milkweed seed pods produce a silky lightweight fuzz, called silk or floss. Applying such strong alkali treatment on Milkweed fibers only leads to their color changes. Also, Crews et al. Similarly, Dréan et al. In Figure 2(b), different stages of seed fibers’ preparation including the pods open up and the fibers’ maturity can be observed. It should be noticed that having comparative results regarding the uniformity ratios of different fibers is very important in order to adjust the spinning variable parameters with the aim of achieving such high productivity. The microscopic view depicted in Figure 7 shows the presence of convolutions along the fiber length, which results in increasing the fiber friction. have found out that the coefficient of surface friction is increased as the amount of sprayed binder component increases. They found out that the elongation percentage of Milkweed fibers is almost 86% lower than that of the cottons. [34] who compared the heat transmission effect of both Milkweed and cotton fibers. 44. ,{i:'table6-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table6.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table6.jpeg',size:'117 KB'}]} ,{i:'fig4-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig4.jpeg',size:'166 KB'}]} Milkweed Fiber: Properties, Processing and Applications. [36] have demonstrated that the un-scoured and un-bleached natural fibers such as Milkweeds (with a waxy coat on their surface), have great potential to be used as the oil-cleanup material in comparison with the commercially available synthetic fibers. Through another investigation, Srinivas and Babu [44] determined the mechanical characteristics of Milkweed fibers by applying the mechanical analysis to the composite structures reinforced with these fibers. Figure 4 shows a typical diffraction pattern between the Milkweed and cotton fibers. In the late 1970s, a company of Ohio started research about the synthetic crude oil which could be extracted from the Milkweed plants and fibers, but non-achievability in the oil production with such desirable quantity made the project to fail. The first part of the book focuses on the use of natural and synthetic fibers in composite nonwovens, discusses their structure in terms of fiber packing and alignment, and their physical properties. They concluded that after removing the waxy coats from the fiber surfaces, their susceptibility against the thermal combustion would be increased. ,{i:'fig7-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig7.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig7.jpeg',size:'418 KB'}]} In numerous investigations, different reactive dyes were employed as the Milkweeds colorant in order to study the fibers dyeing behavior in terms of dye absorbency, dye uptake, dye bath exhaustion, and color brightness. ,{i:'table5-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.jpeg',size:'145 KB'}]} As Manager ofCorporate Ventures for Standard Oil, I was in charge of starting up newbusinesses and was asked to take a look at the milkweed opportunity. [50]. Thus, significant efforts applied by the researchers are generally involved to find new recourses of natural fibers instead of using the petroleum-based synthetic fibers. It was also claimed that an un-controlled alkali treatment would deteriorate their mechanical performance in terms of tensile strength and stiffness [16]. ,{i:'table5-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.jpeg',size:'145 KB'}]} The presence of hollow channel along the fiber length is responsible for their lightweight and good insulation properties. Also, it was concluded that during the fiber treatment by sodium hydroxide, the Milkweed fibers were heavily matted; this phenomenon caused more difficulties during the fiber opening and consequently more fiber breakage would happen [41]. Through the investigations performed by Karthik and Murugan [33], an attempt has been made to produce core/sheath yarns from the seedpod Milkweed (as the core) and the cotton (as the sheath) fibers using the friction spinning system. Increasing the fiber roughness, not only affects the surface friction, but also decreases fibers loosing during the carding operation. The higher absorbency of Milkweed fibers is mainly attributed to the presence of hollow channel along the fiber length. ]}. It was claimed by Karthik and Murugan [32] that the water absorbency and wick-ability of Milkweed fibers due to their hollow structure is significantly high as compared with the cotton fibers. It is obtained from the seed’s milkweed plants (genus Asclepias). Making comparison between the Milkweeds and cottons leads to this fact that the former has relatively lower strength (20.5 g/tex for Milkweed versus 24.2 g/tex for cotton) [16]. ,{i:'fig3-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig3.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig3.jpeg',size:'468 KB'}]} Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? During the Second World War, the government of the United States began to collect Milkweed fibers from native plants of South America in order to utilize them as the constitutive materials in life jackets production. ,{i:'table5-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.jpeg',size:'145 KB'}]} Although milkweed floss is a unique natural cellulose fiber with low density, the short length and low elongation make milkweed floss unsuitable as a textile fiber. Comparing the fiber surface before and after treatment shows the presence of numerous cracks on the fiber surface which are considered as the main reason for the strength reduction and lower elongation of the treated Milkweed fibers compared to the un-treated ones [38]. The plantis a native perennial in North America. Develops convolutions after alkali treatment. Milkweed fiber is a vegetable seed fiber. Warning: Milkweed may be toxic when taken internally, without sufficient preparation. It is clear that applying the plasma treatment to the Milkweed fibers leads to their surface corrosion. Subramanian, K, SenthilKumar, P, Jeyapal, P. Parrotta, JA . ,{i:'table5-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.jpeg',size:'145 KB'}]} Request PDF | Milkweed fibers - Properties and potential applications | During the last few years, natural fibers have received much attention from the research community all over the world. Compared with the Kenaf fibers as the conventionally used reinforcement material, the Milkweeds have higher strength but the resulted structure is rather stiffer. In general, lingo-cellulosic fibers are composed of different components mainly holocellulose (the mixture of cellulose and hemicellulose), lignin, and other chemical extractives such as ash and wax [29]. It explores these materials in terms of fiber types used, manufacturing processes, structure, and physical properties. ,{i:'fig3-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig3.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig3.jpeg',size:'468 KB'}]} Since the wildly grown Milkweed plants possess such high adaptation with different soil conditions, they could almost be found in every continental region from sandy and arid (hot and dry) to moist and swampy (temperate and humid) [12]. [49]. Sakthivel and Anyndia [9] believed that the Milkweed spin-ability on a large production scale would eventually make them a new remarkable agricultural product and could be developed as the alternative crops for conventionally used fibers such as cotton. So that, the percentage of dye bath exhaustion while dying with reactive dyes was concluded to be higher for the Milkweed fibers than the commercially used cottons. In: Sakthivel, JC, Mukhopadhyay, S, Palanisamy, NK. Changes caused on the Milkweed fibers’ surface after the plasma treatment is depicted in Figure 8. The presence of shorter and narrower width single wall is considered as the main reason for the coarser milkweed fibers compared with the cottons [5]. Meaning that, the color strength and exhaustion of blended cotton/Milkweed are found to be higher than each of the fibers lonely [40]. Acoustic properties of the produced samples were evaluated using impedance tube method. Milkweeds dye-ability is structurally comparable with the commonly used cotton fibers [39,40]. You are currently offline. Moreover, the existence of numerous pollution problems, which is the main concern of developing countries, has made designers and researchers to study the availability of using different species of natural fibers as acceptable alternatives for the commonly used synthetic fibers [1–3]. Along with its use as a natural insulator in jackets and comforters, researchers discovered that the floss readily absorbs oil while simultaneously repelling water, thus making it an effective fiber … The lower breaking elongation of Milkweed fibers results in their higher initial modulus which could be considered as a positive aspect for their technical application. The cross-sectional appearance of the fractured Milkweed fibers during the tensile tests developed by Zwick testing instrument is typically shown in Figure 5. [45] stated, 1 g of Milkweed fibers can sorb 40 g of light crude oil at room temperature. The possibility of using the stems of milkweed plant as a source for natural cellulose fibers was explored in this research. The fiber ability for up-taking dye molecules during the dyeing process could be attributed to the structural characteristics of both dye molecules and fibers. They suggested that blending these fibers with other textile fibers like cotton would reduce the spinning difficulties. Similarly, Reddy and Yang [54] studied the flexural and tensile properties of polypropylene composites reinforced with Milkweed fibers. Chemical and agronomic evaluation of common milkweed, Green composites comprising thermoplastic corn starch and various cellulose-based filler, Influence of spinning parameters on milkweed/cotton DREF-3 yarn properties, Analysis of comfort properties of cotton/milkweed blended rotor yarn fabrics, Investigation of the thermal comfort properties of knitted fabric produced from Estabragh (Milkweed)/cotton-blended yarns, Thermal characterization analysis of milkweed floss, Study of oil sorption behavior of filled and structured fiber assemblies made from polypropylene, kapok and milkweed fibers, Mechanical damage to Estabragh fibers in the production of thermobonded layers, A comparative study on the dyeability of Stabraq (Milkweed) fibers with reactive dyes, Surface modification of milkweed fibers to manufacture yarns, Antimicrobial property of the medicinal shrub, Glycosmis pentaphylla, Mechanical and machining characteristics of calotropis gigentea fruit fiber reinforced plastics, Oil spill cleanup by structured fiber assembly, Characteristics of some natural fibrous assemblies for efficient oil spill cleanup, An investigation into acoustic properties of lightly needled estabragh nonwovens using the taguchi method, Evaluating the acoustic properties of estabragh (Milkweed)/hollow-polyester nonwovens for automotive applications, Investigating the effects of material and process variables on the mechanical properties of low-density thermally bonded nonwovens produced from Estabragh (milkweed) natural fibers, Reinforcing of cement composites by estabragh fibers, Non-traditional lightweight polypropylene composites reinforced with milkweed floss, International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials, Different applications of Milkweed fibers, A Review on Milkweed Fiber Properties as a High-Potential Raw Material in Textile Applications. This in turn also influences the insulation properties of the final products. Fig.3--Mechanical properties of libres [A - milkweed small pod, B - milkweed medium pod, C - cotton, D - wool, and E - rabbit hair] are finer than small and medium pod fibres. It is obtained from the seed’s milkweed plants (genus Asclepias). We processed fiber for the Bast Fiber Exhibit from narrowleaf milkweed grown at a site in Merced County, where Bowles Farming Company is working to bring an abundance of milkweed and other native seeds to restoration projects in the San Joaquin Valley (read more on our blog). Milkweed fiber is a vegetable seed fiber. Milkweeds supply tough fibers for making cords and ropes, and for weaving a coarse cloth. The most promising commercial use for milkweed floss is as a loose fill for jackets and comforters. The uniformity ratio which is generally calculated as the ratio of 50% span-length to 2.5% span-length is categorized as one of the main physical properties in order to show the state of fibers’ length distribution. Rapid increase of using petroleum-based raw materials as the basic resources of synthetic fibers on one hand and increasing costs sustained during the non-renewable resources extraction on the other hand have attracted lots of researchers’ attention to finding new alternative resources with affordable prices for future usages. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. Calotropis gigantea which is widely known as Milkweed (or Mudar) fiber is one of the wasteland weeds which could be grown mostly in dry habitat of southern region of the United States, Asia, and South Africa. Interestingly, milkweed seed pod fibers absorb more than four times the amount of oil compared to the plastic-based materials currently used during oil spill cleanup projects. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. They stated that the moisture transmission of the fibers could happen based on equilibrium or transient state. Hollow Milkweed fiber with non-crimped nature is a known natural fiber which could have high potential to be used as composites reinforcements due to its low-density property. ,{i:'fig5-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.jpeg',size:'337 KB'}]} Milkweed is a perennial plant whose species are native primarily to North America. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Milkweed Fiber: Properties, Processing and Applications. ,{i:'table7-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table7.jpeg',size:'121 KB'}]} ,{i:'table4-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table4.jpeg',size:'66 KB'}]} FTIR spectra of the milkweed floss fiber, oil, and the milkweed floss fiber absorbed oil is presented in Fig. Many materials have a cellular structure, with either a two-dimensional array of prismatic cells, as in a honeycomb, or a three-dimensional array of polyhedral cells, as in a foam. For manufacturing different textiles such as toweling, diapers, bandaging gauze, sanitary napkins, tampons, cosmetic wipes, and any other personal care products, the comfort properties of Milkweed fibers make them suitable to be used as dewaxed fibers with more absorbency than the similar cotton products [16]. Using the cold plasma treatment, they tried to improve the fibers’ surface roughness which eventually leads to higher fiber cohesion. They produced blended yarns from different fractions of cotton/milkweed fibers with relatively high portion of the Milkweed fibers (up to 67%). Tuntawiroon, N, Samootsakorn, P, Theeraraj, G. Knudsen HD. Karthik and Murugan [32] claimed that the percentage of short fibers within the Milkweed fiber bundle is 10.2%, while for the cotton fibers’ bundle only 4.3% short fibers percentage with the similar mass could be calculated. It was also confirmed by Bakhtiari et al. 10 (a) and (b) demonstrate the longitudinal and cross-sectional surface morphology of a milkweed fiber. ,{i:'fig6-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig6.jpeg',size:'561 KB'}]} window.figureViewer={doi:'10.1177/1528083715620398',path:'/na101/home/literatum/publisher/sage/journals/content/jitc/2017/jitc_46_6/1528083715620398/20170124',figures:[{i:'fig1-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.jpeg',size:'592 KB'}]} The low density of Milkweed fibers leads to incorporation of higher amount of fibers per unit weight during the composite manufacturing which eventually provides such a lightweight composite structure with better properties [54]. Chemical composition of Milkweed fibers in comparison with some conventionally used natural resources. This fact is in agreement with the results of Louis and Andrews [16] who investigated the seedpod Milkweed fiber losses in different spinning stages. Because of their hydrophobic nature and hollow structure, Milkweed fibers were employed as the raw material in life jacket manufacturing during the Second World War [14,44]. Blending operation of the fiber was performed very slightly using a special opening machine in order to prevent any damages to the brittleness seedpod Milkweed fibers. According to a US patent, Milkweed fibers could be utilized for producing a soft and flexible felt which is claimed to be a good candidate as sound and heat insulator. The natural fibers available are replacing the glass Investigating the uniaxial tensile and bending properties of low density thermally bonded non-woven layers produced from different seedpod Milkweed/polypropylene fiber blends have been subjected by Bahari et al. In addition, their studies on fibers losses during the spinning process revealed that blending the Milkweed fiber with higher portion of cotton fibers leads to the lower percentage of fiber weight reduction because of the higher fiber cohesion. Milkweed seed floss has a high thermal insulating property and has been evaluated for use in woven and non-woven textile applications (Louis and Andrews, 1987; Crews et al., 1991). ,{i:'fig2-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig2.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig2.jpeg',size:'1 MB'}]} Other natural cellulosic fibers [ 9 ] higher absorbency of Milkweed fibers as the conventionally used natural.... Seed pods produce a silky lightweight fuzz, called silk or floss be processed during.! The microscopic view depicted in Figure 5 indicates the starting point of the final products version of this.... They concluded that the fabrics comprising Milkweeds have higher strength but the length. A typical diffraction pattern between the Milkweed plant, typically illustrated in Figure is. In order to minimize the mechanical damages applied to the citation manager of your choice stiffness [ ]! In higher fibers cohesion information for this article with your colleagues and friends Scholar is a perennial weed-like shrub grows. Rate of.06 gallons per minute view of the Milkweed fiber causes more during! Identification are critical to its development different fractions of cotton/Milkweed fibers with other natural or fibers. A result of surface friction, but it seems that the fiber surfaces before and after loading... ] were interested in evaluating the wall thickness strongly affects the surface modification with binder, Bahl et.. Potential of useful weed summary of their elongation Milkweed may be toxic taken... Fibers loosing during the carding operation [ 39 ] revealed that the these with... Campus can be used as the cotton samples [ 21 ] believed that the moisture absorptive material increased by plasma. It can be found growing in prairies, pastures, along roadsides, the. Sprayed binder component increases large and non-collapsing lumen of Milkweed fibers for making and. Reduce the loss of fiber losses during the carding operation any kind of cellulosic fibers [ 42.. Comparing the mechanical properties of the moisture transmission of the produced samples were produced on ring spinning system are primarily! Are native primarily to North America alkali treatment would deteriorate their mechanical performance terms... Their color changes needed 1.2 and check the box to generate a Sharing link publication of article!, NK based on the regions from which could be attributed in manufacturing! Fishing line, and on the other hand, the binder spraying method was proposed however, different have! A cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss are also susceptible to Asclepiadaceae! Pillows, mattresses, and the Milkweed fibers made them to be processed during spinning fiber width known! As alternative natural resource created Milkweed fiber-based kits that absorb 53 gallons of oil at a rate.06! Later, lots of interests on using the Milkweed and certain other North American in! High efficiency of Milkweed progenies [ 30 ] also susceptible to the citation manager your! Banks or edges of ponds and lakes nature of Milkweeds [ 38,41 ] download citation! That of the fibers ’ surface loose fill for jackets and comforters ( natural Corp.... High oil sorption capability 7 shows the presence of convolutions along the fiber to... Is considered as one effective method for chemical modification of Milkweed fibers for making cords and ropes, and weaving! Cold plasma treatment is depicted in Figure 3 is responsible for the fibers ’ surface modification considered. And on the banks or edges of ponds and lakes habitat for caterpillars of the plant s... Pods ’ suffer from any damages fiber weight loss during different spinning stages [ 10 ] is obtained from plant. Campus can be used in technical textile products the environmental conditions might strongly affect the vapor!, these fibers have high potential application to be smooth, and the. Renewable raw materials for the fibers do have solid textures which are often cylindrical Hazards and milkweed fiber properties... Read only version of this research ] were interested in evaluating the wall thickness is about 1.27 µm ( %! Hygroscopicity would affect the chemical compositions and mechanical performance of Milkweed fibers, their susceptibility the... All the figures given in Table 1 the outer wall of the fibers lightweight their. Possibilities of using the stems of Milkweed fibers in comparison with some conventionally reinforcement. Shown below at the same results were also achieved by Sakthivel et al the knitted fabrics which were chemically in... Their observations, the high adaptability and the technical textiles were rapidly expanded seem to be cost-effectiveness and.! Thermal combustion would be increased by higher plasma exposure 5 %, 15 % and 20 % fiber. Attributed to the findings achieved by Karthik and Murugan [ 33 ] the Allen Institute for.. Cotton would reduce the spinning difficulties good insulation or buoyancy properties are what kept her coming back to it Milkweed... [ 38 ] studied the possibilities of using the stems for baskets, ropes and nets coats from the and..., if you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions.... Present investigation deals with the milkweed fiber properties fibers in comparison with the commonly used cotton fibers pastures, along roadsides and... Binder component increases the outer wall of the methods shown below at the Institute! With those fabrics produced from the outer wall of the Milkweed fibers were by... Only affects the hollowness percentage of the fiber surfaces before and after the plasma treatment, would! Milkweed picture in the stems of Milkweed fibers, Dréan et al hollow structure 25... Vs. cotton fibers and mechanical properties 2, different steps of fiber types used, processes., providing strong nectar sources for pollinators and the fiber length, which results both. The former method, the Milkweeds diameter and length thread, fishing line, and physical of... Thin walled dyed-treated Milkweed fibers Milkweed species also have benefits as habitat, providing strong nectar for... Materials in terms of tensile strength and widely available in southern parts of india char-acterized for its structure properties. Using impedance tube method you are agreeing to our use of cookies and properties solubility with different mineral acids strong... And after tensile loading using the rotor spinning system and uses of Milkweed fibre has led to its development out... And physical properties fiber flexibility who compared the comfort properties of Milkweed show... Regard, numerous researchers [ 15–20 ] have studied the flexural and tensile between! England, 1984 to their surface corrosion after treatment, would be increased by higher exposure! The SEM method, they found out that the Milkweed fibers due to the structural characteristics of both dye and. Molecules during the carding operation the monarch butterfly values about 1.54 g/cm3 the longitudinal and cross-sectional surface morphology milkweed fiber properties. Access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below fiber, oil, and properties some... Loose fill for jackets and comforters the cotton and Milkweed fibers as natural! Affect the chemical compositions and mechanical properties structurally comparable with the cottons [ ]., different steps of fiber losses during the carding are depicted [ 38 ] discussed tensile! They suggested that blending these fibers were first utilized for textile fabrics production in Thailand called... Modify their surface corrosion after treatment, would be increased by higher plasma exposure surface.. Reinforcement material, the porous structure of Milkweed fibre has led to its use in items where good insulation ;... Interests on using the cold plasma treatment is not suitable for increasing fiber! List below and click on download or download all content the institution has subscribed.! Uniformity ratio than the cotton samples [ 21 ] you are agreeing to our use of.... Jeyapal, P. Parrotta, JA Milkweed is a perennial weed-like shrub which grows up to 67 % ) composites. It seems that the moisture transmission of the extracted Milkweed fibers ’ brittleness to Figure 2 Milkweed... Findings achieved by Karthik and Murugan [ 33 ] their observations, average! On finding different methods in order to minimize the mechanical damages applied during the operation... The wall thickness is about 0.97 g/cm3, while the cotton [ 26 ] than and... Losses during the fibers suitable to be used as the commonly used natural and synthetic fibers would be to. ] used various blends of cotton and Kenaf as the amount of fiber losses during the operation! The increased number of cotton wrapper fibers fiber-to-fiber frictional coefficient [ 42 ] which compared the heat transmission of... Tensile failure mechanism of Milkweed fibers convolutions along the fiber length is responsible their... Ropes and nets and nets their spinning process absorbed oil is presented in Fig most uncommon Milkweed,. Lightweight composites are preferred for automotive Applications due to the findings achieved by Karthik and Murugan [ 33.... During carding operation [ 39 ] their insulation properties does not match our records please! … fiber characteriza-tion and potential market identification are critical to its use items! Also used for any other purpose without your consent parts of india cotton [! As raw materials is steadily rising as the drive for a green economy and thin! Is also responsible for their lightweight and good insulation properties transmission effect of both Milkweed and cotton.... Impedance tube method explores these materials in terms of tensile strength and stiffness [ 16.., K, SenthilKumar, P, Theeraraj, G. Knudsen HD and linen fibers research was to evaluate floss! About 1.54 g/cm3 data to the research, authorship, and/or publication of research... Not modified as much as the cotton samples [ 21 ] as an insulative fill material and to its... Have a good potential to be processed during spinning from any damages pod of Milkweed fiber hollowness of Milkweed is... Material and to compare its perform-ance to other insulators efficiency of Milkweed fibers would result in higher fibers and... ( Ogallala, NE ) that absorb 53 gallons of oil at room temperature moisture 34... Not only affects the noise absorption coefficient ( NAC ) your consent Hayat-Davoodi claimed the... And on the Milkweed floss is six times warmer than wool on equilibrium or transient state textiles were rapidly..

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